“Game of Thrones”. Lebanese Clans and State in Germany

Belinsky A.V.


In the article it is analyzed the process of criminalization of Lebanese clans arrived in Germany in the early 1980s. It is noted that it was caused by a number of reasons, including the marginal situation of Lebanese immigrants, the lack of attention of the authorities to integration problems, specifics of mentality, etc. Starting with petit thefts and street drug trafficking, the clans gradually began to create their own economic structures, which included both legal business and criminal activities (extortions, robbery, money laundering, etc.). At the end of the article, it is concluded that an effective fight against clan crime involves a set of measures that include not only police operations, but also the fight against the “business” of clans and work with their individual members.


Lebanese clans, Mkhamalli, West Germany, organized crime.

DOI: 10.31249/rimm/2021.03.07

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