Migration Features of Central Asian Countries. Analytical review

Schensnovich V.N.

Abstract

The review analyzes the distinctive features inherent in the migration processes of the Central Asian states. Migration exchanges with Tajikistan have an impact on the adjustment of the ethnic composition of the population of Russian regions. In Kazakhstan, which has a well-developed educational migration and highly professional workforce, transformational movements to other countries are taking place. In Kyrgyzstan, the migration exchange of the population with neighboring countries has decreased, but it has intensified with a number of countries outside the CIS. At the current stage, the surplus of labor resources in Uzbekistan requires the regulation of external labor migration.

Keywords

Russia; Tajikistan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; interethnic relations; external labor migration; adaptation and integration of migrants; legal and illegal migration; migration during the COVID-19 pandemic.

DOI: 10.31249/rimm/2023.01.05

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