TURKMENISTAN: YESTERDAY, TODAY, TOMORROW. Analytical review

Schensnovich V.

Abstract

This review examines inner processes in Turkmenistan in the years of perestroika. It also analyzes changes in the elite structures in the late 1980s – early 1990s and characterizes the authoritarian regime of S. Niyazov. Talking about the present development stage of Turkmenistan, the review discloses the basic aspects of the new comprehensive innovative policy of cultural unification pursued by the President of Turkmenistan G. Berdymuhamedov. Special attention is devoted to the economic problems of the republic, specifically to the priority branch today – the gas industry.

Keywords

Turkmenistan (RT), perestroika, S. Niyazov, authoritarian regime, G. Berdymuhamedov, innovative international policy of cultural unification, state neutrality, foreign economic activity, Russia, Central Asia, South Asia, Saudi Arabia, Iran, U.S.A., transit of energy carriers, gas pipelines, security.

DOI: 10.31249/rmw/2019.03.02

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