THE CRISIS OF COUNTRY STUDIES IN RUSSIA: REASONS AND CONSEQUENCES

Kuznetsov A.

Abstract

The article shows that foreign country studies, although rooted in geography, should be considered as a interdisciplinary social science that allows comprehensive study of modern countries. In Russia, the contribution of economists, political scientists and historians, especially orientalists, to the development of foreign country studies is very great. At the same time, over the past 100 years, regional studies in our country has been greatly transformed. Exceptionally, due to subjective reasons and the general crisis of fundamental science in the country, multi-volume publications that provided a great material for comparative studies have become a thing of the past. The theoretical baggage of foreign country studies accumulated in the second half of the 20th century is almost not used, linguistic training in a number of areas has been curtailed. In modern Russia, the “supply” of scientific regional products due to the small-scale nature of geographers, the fascination with global issues of political scientists and economists, as well as the general shortage of specialists in the countries of the post-Soviet space and some other macro-regions does not meet the existing “demand”. But the state and big business, which should form a solvent and long-term demand, also fail to cope with their role. As a result, regional studies are in a deep crisis, the exit from which it is necessary to look for as soon as possible, while the traditions of such studies are still alive. The lack of a precise practical orientation of scientific country studies has a detrimental effect on Russia’s positioning in the world economy and the system of international relations.

Keywords

country studies; comprehensive study of foreign countries; socio-economic geography of foreign countries; oriental studies; study of economics and politics of foreign countries; comparative law.

DOI: 10.31249/rmw/2022.04.01

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