Synthesis of Shiism and Socialism in the Political Life of Iran Before and After the 1979 Islamic Revolution

Kirichenko V.P.

Abstract

In the late 1970s, dissatisfaction with the rule of the latter Shah of Iran Reza-Shah Pahlavi (1941–1979) led to the spread of oppositional ideas in Iranian society. The works of sociologist Ali Shariati (1933–1977) were particularly popular. His ideas were a kind of synthesis of Shiite Islam and socialist principles. Ayatollah Taleghani (1911–1979) He also tolerated left-wing political forces and spoke out for public ownership of land. However, after the Islamic Revolution (1979), the ideas of Shariati and Talegani were never implemented. And supporters of the synthesis of Islam and socialism after the overthrow of the Shah, began the struggle with the new Islamic authorities.

Keywords

Iran; Islamic revolution; Islam; socialism; Sharia; Talegani; Forkan; OMIN.

DOI: 10.31249/rimm/2022.04.10

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